Wesleyanism and Puritanism depart Anglican orthodoxy. Questions for Discussion: Lesson 34A – Chapter Thirty “Puritans and Methodists Struggle to Revive English Theology” from The Story of Christian Theology by Roger Olson
1. How did Methodism begin according to Prof. Olson? How would you compare it doctrinally to the prevailing Anglican theology of the 17th century? Who were the key leaders in this movement?
2. When the Puritans criticized Anglican orthodoxy, who were the leaders they opposed? On what grounds? The congregational form of church polity was favored by the Puritans. What did this entail?
3. Dr. Olson speaks of “three universal theological ideas that together compose the Puritan consensus”. What were they?
4. What is Covenant Theology and what were the “contracts” that composed the foundation of this theology? Olson argues that this theology “rests on a paradox.” How would you define the paradox?
5. Of all the doctrinal positions we see Jonathan Edwards advance, which would you point to as the foundational theme; that is, what doctrine seems to be logically informing and shaping everything else he preached?
6. How would you compare/contrast Edwards and Wesley? What were the major issues that Edwards had with Wesley’s theology? What in Edwards offended Wesley?
7. What is the “Wesleyan Quadrilateral”? How did he arrive at this concept; that is, how did he explain and derive these four components?
8. What are the “living legacies” of Edwards and Wesley?
See Lecture 34B: for Correlated Readings
Lectures from Dr. Michael Haykin and Dr. John Gerstner
Bible Verses for Reflection